Depository receipts represent domestic ownership of foreign shares. If a foreign firm wishes to sell common or preferred shares to a market without actually complying with exchange regulations in that nation, they issue depository receipts within that nation. These receipts allow investors in that market to own preferred or common shares through the depository receipt. You can purchase foreign shares without converting currencies or dealing with foreign exchange regulations. These shares are not necessarily issued on a 1 to 1 ratio. The depository receipt can represent any quantity of shares. A single receipt can be a quarter of a share, 1 share, 50 shares, or any other quantity.
Depository receipts can be released either by the firm itself through a bank or by persons in a bank with no connection to the firm. This can be an issue for depository receipt holders. If receipts are created by the firm they are directly supported by the issuing firm. The owner should receive voting rights, dividends, and normal benefits. If they are created by anyone else, receipts are not directly supported by the firm. The firm may not recognize the shareholder for direct control rights. The dividends and financial benefits will be passed to the depository receipt holder through the bank.
If supported by the issuing firm, share benefits route from the firm to the bank, and then the receipt owner. If they are not supported they route from the firm to the registered shareholder (which may be a bank), through the bank, and to the depository receipt owner. The most important potential impact of this situation is information. If the firm does not issue the depository receipt, they will not be as forthcoming of information since they do not anticipate having to provide it to you. Since you may not be a registered shareholder they may not provide the same service. If they are supporting the depository receipt, they typically will translate and release information needed by you as an investor.
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International Economic Analysis:
- Major Currency Economic Summaries
- Performance of Major Imports and Exports
- Mandates of Central Banks versus Expectations
- Performance Indexes of Major Economies
- Economically Correlated Currency Projections
- Large Funds Currency Sentiment Readings
- List of Technical Indicators to Look For
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American Markets Analysis:
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- Performance of Major
- Federal Reserve Mandate versus Expectations
- Performance Indexes of U.S Economy
- Economically Correlated U.S Dollar Projections
- Large Trading Fund Index Sentiment Readings
- Market Wide Earnings Versus Valuations
- Fundamental Ranking of U.S Business Sectors
- Best and Worst Future Consensus Estimates
- Occasional: Firm Fundamental Strength Report
- List of Technicals to Look for While Trading
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