The combination of long and short positions in a portfolio create the portfolio’s market exposure. Market Exposure can be Net Long, Net Short, or Neutral. It represents whether you believe the market will be positive in the future or negative in the future, or your bias to if the market. This bias should be based on market conditions and analysis.
During positive market periods you will have mostly long positions to earn returns from the bull market. If long positions outweigh short positions this is known as a net long bias. During a bear market, you find firms which are trading below their intrinsic value with fundamentals indicating long term survival. You will purchase these shares, and hold them as the market recovers. Depending on the shares you may sell and keep or reinvest the profit, or maintain the shares within their long term portfolio.
During bear markets, as other market players sell shares to escape capital loss, you can make substantial returns short selling shares. If short positions outweigh long positions this is known as a net short bias. Net Short Bias preforms better in bear markets and index wide downtrends. In both long and short positions, you will still encounter losses on specific trades. You are never immune to loss. Proper study and analysis of firm fundamentals will result in wiser trading and selection for both short and long positions. That alone will reduce your negative returns.
Market Exposure plays into the art of investing contrarily. You can begin researching potential shorts during the upswings in the market, and preparing for the short transactions. If it becomes evident that markets are crashing, you can initiate the shorts you identify as most likely to suffer. As the bear market downswings begin, you can begin researching investments that you desire to purchase for the next bull market. The firms with strong fundamentals and market prices below their intrinsic prices are purchased during the bear markets and held for the market upswings. This allows you to reposition yourself for returns constantly throughout market cycles.
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International Economic Analysis:
- Major Currency Economic Summaries
- Performance of Major Imports and Exports
- Mandates of Central Banks versus Expectations
- Performance Indexes of Major Economies
- Economically Correlated Currency Projections
- Large Funds Currency Sentiment Readings
- List of Technical Indicators to Look For
- Occasional: Foregin Exchange Technicals Markups
American Markets Analysis:
- Summaries of American Economic Structure
- Performance of Major
- Federal Reserve Mandate versus Expectations
- Performance Indexes of U.S Economy
- Economically Correlated U.S Dollar Projections
- Large Trading Fund Index Sentiment Readings
- Market Wide Earnings Versus Valuations
- Fundamental Ranking of U.S Business Sectors
- Best and Worst Future Consensus Estimates
- Occasional: Firm Fundamental Strength Report
- List of Technicals to Look for While Trading
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