Long Term LiabilitiesFinancial Statements
Long term liabilities are all of the long-term debts the company has on record. Long term liabilities are typically over a year in length. These debts will eventually come due in the future. The value of long-term debt due for repayment this year is found in the current liabilities section called “Debt Due for Repayment”.
Long Term Debt
Long-term debt consists of the total amount of money owed to creditors or bondholders outside of the current year. When long-term debt comes due, it is moved to the Debt Due for Repayment or Long Term Debt Due. Strong companies will carry little long-term debt, finance themselves out of their own earnings, and don’t have to borrow from external companies. You should always look at the previous long-term debt, preferably over a decade, and check to see how high long-term debt is. If there is little to no debt relative to assets and total liabilities, they are more likely to be a strong and self-financing company. You must also make sure that the company has enough post-expense earnings to pay off all its debts within half a decade.
Deferred Liabilities summarize the total debts that are owed to others but haven’t been paid. This is usually paid by the customer for a good or service that has not yet been delivered. If the service or good cannot be delivered the money paid must be returned to the customer to complete the bargain, which is why this is listed as a liability. It is the perfect reversal of a Prepaid Expense.
Total Long Term Liabilities
Total long term liabilities are simply all liabilities that will come due beyond the current fiscal year. This is merely the combination of Long-term debt and Deferred liabilities. You’ll prefer to see this flat as a percentage of revenue. An explosion in total long-term debt as a nominal dollar figure or as a percentage of revenue is highly undesirable.
Other Liabilities consist of liabilities that do not fall into the other category. This section is a catch-all for debts owed. It is generally for debt that is considered miscellaneous, and explanations are included in the proxy statements or footnotes on financial reports. It usually includes sales taxes, department to department loans, and other debts that cannot fall into any other category.
The final tally for both current and long term liabilities are total liabilities. These are the complete debts that the firm must pay financially from its pool of cash or assets over time.
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