Who must release a Financial Statement?Financial Statements
Virtually all companies must release a financial statement annually. Many companies publish for different reasons, but between upkeep, reporting, and taxation almost all companies must publish. This rule often extends to charities. In general, these are the various entities that must release a financial statement.
Who Releases a Financial Statement?
Any commercial business owned by either private ownership, or public ownership. Private ownership consists of companies which are not traded on the public stock or bond markets and corporations wholly owned by individuals, other companies, or families. Publically owned companies are traded on stock or bond market indexes, usually in 1 region, but sometimes in multiple or worldwide. The market prices for public companies are easily determined by mass market trading, but their real value is not always easily found. Valuation requires estimations of future profit, which means it also has art in its science.
Why Release a Financial Statement?
Both company types must release financial statements for differing reasons. Private companies must publish statements to justify their tax payments to the IRS or local, provincial, and national governments as required by law. They publish in order to please the firm owners which need to keep track of their performance. Public companies publish in order to update investors worldwide of their progress and for regulatory purposes. Many market indexes and market regulators enforce quarterly or annual releases of financial statements. These are referred to as the 10Q and 10K reports.
Nationalized companies, which are owned by their governments, also create financial statements. These are not always published and may be kept within the government. This allows the government to assess the firm’s performance and its management.
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