Hedge Fund ValueHedge Funds
Hedge Fund Value are based on Book or Net Asset valuations. The equation for Book Value is:
The equation for Net Asset Value is:
The value of the assets and liabilities must be accurate in order to determine the book value. Assets and liabilities must be marked to current value as often as Net Asset Value is accessible to the fund’s investors. The fund achieves value calculation by marking assets and liabilities to market. Typically, Net Asset Value is updated at the end of each close.
Value versus Time Zones
Issues arise if funds operate across multiple time zones or operational regions. It’s always daytime somewhere, which means investments will always be traded someplace. A fund trading in multiple nations must add the values of assets and liabilities at the close of the respective regions in which they are based. This can be subject to change if the fund engages in afterhours trading.
Note that the policy that controls the timing of marking to market in one region should be applied as uniformly as possible to all other regions. Standards allow for errors and mistakes if they’re not accurately or equally applied. You do not want to own a stake in a fund which modifies the way they value assets to boost its hedge fund value artificially. If they retrieve their value for openly traded assets in specific ways, be sure those methods of valuation extend as uniformly as possible to all other investments in trade.
Issues with Book Value as Hedge Fund Value
A fund may have certain issues. Problems occur if fund investments trade at low liquidity levels. If an asset does not trade often, the last market price is often a false indication of the asset’s actual value. The fund may not be able to close purchases or sales at that price. This results in a situation where the fund must substantially raise prices on the investment to acquire the asset or substantially lower their price to sell the asset. Funds fix the problem of being unable to estimate a liquid asset’s worth by using valuation models and the market values of similar or substitute assets. They may focus on the potential cash flow provided by the asset, or complicated mathematical models that determine values. Numbers derived from these estimations will be placed into the calculation of book values.
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